Betrayal trauma is something most of us experience throughout our lives, however, it doesn’t really get the attention it deserves in popular media. An American psychologist, Jennifer Freyd, first coined the concept in 1991. According to the initial theory, betrayal trauma is a type of trauma that refers to the pain and emotional distress that occurs when a trusted institution, loved one, or intimate partner violates your trust.

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Achieving optimal fitness is a journey that requires dedication, hard work, and persistence. But it's also essential to find the right balance between exercise and recovery in order to avoid the negative consequences of overtraining. Here are some tips to help you recognise symptoms of overtraining and things you can do to bounce back.

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Nutritional supplements include vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fatty acids, enzymes, and herbal ingredients. Generally speaking, we should be able to get the majority of these things from our diets however, that isn’t always practical when you are leading a busy life. Supplements help provide the body with nutrients when they are not consumed in appropriate amounts in the diet. Although nutritional supplements cannot replace good eating habits, when used carefully, they can provide the body with adequate vital nutrients, which helps ensure the body's optimal functioning.

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Fitness is an ever-growing industry with so many myths and misconceptions. Pair that with the internet, where millions of bits of information are uploaded every second, and you got yourself a nice ocean of misinformation, where you can’t tell what’s really true. And because it can be difficult to tell fact from fiction, I thought it could be helpful to share some insights that are evidence based.

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Looking for ways to improve your daily routine to maximize performance? Recently I came across an interesting approach frequently applied by military personnel and intelligence operatives. It is evidence based and easy to follow. Best of all, it does not involve waking up at 5 am to waive a smudge stick around, drinking raw egg whites, eating 2kgs of steak, jumping on a trampoline or taking an ice-cold shower. Instead, this approach breaks the day up into three basic categories: morning, afternoon and evening. Here are some tried and tested, simple things you can do to help yourself thrive.

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Staying hydrated is crucial for overall health, as water plays a vital role in various bodily functions, from regulating temperature to lubricating joints and aiding digestion. Despite its importance, many people struggle to consume enough water throughout the day. Here are seven effective strategies to help you stay hydrated and keep your body functioning optimally.

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Boosting your immune system during winter can help you stay healthy and fend off common seasonal illnesses without taking endless vaccinations. Here are five natural ways to enhance your immune system.

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Pilates is often touted for its numerous health benefits, including improved flexibility, strength, and posture. However, there are several reasons why Pilates alone may not lead to significant weight loss or make you thin or lose any significant amount of weight. Pilates generally burns fewer calories compared to more intense cardiovascular exercises like running, cycling, or high-intensity interval training (HIIT). For example, an hour of moderate-intensity Pilates might burn around 200-300 calories, whereas an hour of running can burn twice that amount or more, depending on intensity and body weight. It emphasizes building core strength, muscle tone, and improving flexibility rather than high-calorie expenditure. While muscle mass can increase metabolic rate slightly, the primary focus of Pilates is not on significant muscle hypertrophy or fat loss.

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There is a lot of conflicting information out there about food. Overall body health improvement as well as weight gain or loss must be factored into the equation, or you could be heading for problems. Correct nutrition can help to reduce the risk of a myriad of health-related problems, the most frightening of which are surely heart disease and cancer. Proper nutrition, however, entails eating many different foods, monitoring your consumption of some food and beverage items, and counting calories.

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The mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is a tropical evergreen tree, believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas. The tree grows from 7 to 25 meters tall and produces an edible fruit that is deep reddish purple, that has amazing health benefits

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In essence, perception and perspective are integral components of our human experience, working in tandem to shape our understanding of the world. Perception acts as the gateway to sensation, while perspective serves as the lens through which we interpret and make sense of the information gathered.

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The week between Christmas and New Year is often a bit of a blur, unwinding from the year and enjoying some quiet time with friends and family. As we bid farewell to the old and welcome the new, the beginning of a year is an opportune time to reflect on the past, set goals for the future, and embrace the possibilities that lie ahead.

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